Carbon, one of the richestcomponents in nature, can be joined artificially with itself and with different components by solid covalent bonds bringing about an assortment of structures that empower the improvement of materials of different properties. The carbon materials can be incredibly hard as jewel or graphite as effectively delaminated, thick, high quality and in this way appropriate for basic applications or permeable; the last being helpful as adsorbents for vitality stockpiling or as a help for impetuses. They can be profoundly conductive or protecting. This wide range of properties is fortified by the way that solitary carbon materials are fit for working at high temperatures in the most outrageous conditions. The carbon materials have been assembled a lot of consideration with the disclosure of fullerenes and nanotubes. Be that as it may, customary carbon materials have assumed a significant job since ancient occasions and have added to the modern and innovative improvement of our general public.
The revelation of carbon filaments during the ’60s with its high quality and adaptability was a significant achievement in the improvement of these materials. In equal, we find the vitreous carbon, named after recording a conchoidal crack surface with properties like glass, extremely hard and weak. Simultaneously, the revelation of new basic types of graphitic carbon, needle and spherules, apparently added to the advancement of new carbon items for extremely different applications. The great biocompatibility of carbon materials, found during the 70s, its utilization in prostheses, tendons and heart valves, among others. In the mid ’80s, the advancement of innovation for delivering squares of high thickness isotropic graphite permitted its utilization in high temperature reactors in gadgets of union of semiconductor precious stones and to parts of electric release terminals.
During the 90s, was found nanotubes, opening another period for carbon materials: the time of the nanostructure. It is not only the universe of carbon graphite level structures or three-dimensional sort precious stone, yet we are presently with shut structures containing pentagons of carbon iotas and carbon tubes with widths in the nanometer scale, made of sheet straightforward bended carbon molecules in hexagonal appropriation. The disclosure of carbon nanotubes of a solitary divider and different divider, animated the enthusiasm of researchers and specialists in fields identified with nanotechnology. Simultaneously, new uses of the materials of the group of graphite for example, anode materials for Li-particle battery-powered carbon fiber water refinement, actuated carbon cathodes for electric twofold layer supercapacitors and so forth.